Steve Stone Coral Reef Foundation

References and Bibliography

Coral Reefs of Today

Hawaiian Coral Reefs

Hawaiian Reef Fauna:

The Architects of Reef Structures

Geologic History of Reef Construction



The following materials were used in our research process while authoring the original Educational content on this website.



Field, Michael E., Chavez, Pat S. Jr., Evans, Kevin R., and Cochran, Susan A.; 2001; New Mapping Techniques Help Assess the Health of Hawaii's Coral Reefs; U.S. Department of Interior, USGS Fact Sheet 084-01.

Field, Michael E., Cochran, Susan A., and Evans, Kevin R.; 2002; U.S. Coral Reefs - Imperiled National Treasures; U.S. Department of Interior, USGS Fact Sheet 025-02.

Fielding, Ann; 1998; Hawaiian Reefs and Tidepools: A Guide to Hawaii's Shallow-Water Invertebrates; 4th ed., Island Explorations, Makawao, HI.

Fielding, Ann, and Robinson, Ed; 2004; An Underwater Guide to Hawaii; University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, HI

Garrison, Tom; 2002; Oceanography: An Invitation to Marine Science; 4th ed., Brooks/Cole Biology Series; Wadsworth Group.

Hoover, John P.; 1997; A Pocket Guide to Hawaii's Underwater Paradise; Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, HI.

Hoover, John P.; 2010; Hawaii's Sea Creatures: A Guide to Hawaii's Marine Invertebrates; Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, HI.

Levin, Harold L.; 2003; The Earth Through Time; 7th ed., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N.J.

Moore, Raymond C., Lalicker, Cecil G., and Fischer, Alfred G.; 1952; Invertebrate Fossils; McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, NY.

National Research Council; 2010; Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean; National Academies Press; Washington, D.C.

Thorne, Chuck; 2006; The Diver's Guide to Maui; Maui Dive Guide, Hana, HI.

Wicander, Reed, and Monroe, James S.; 2010; Historical Geology; 6th ed.; Brooks Cole, Belmont, CA.



Archaeocyatha -

Cyanobacteria -

Hawaiian Islands Fish Species -

Introduction to the Hydrozoa -

Stromatolite -

Stromatolites -